Blackheads are small spots that appear on your skin due to clogged hair follicles. These bumps are called “blackheads” because the surface looks dark or black. 

Blackheads are a mild type of acne that usually form on the face, but they can also appear on the back, chest, neck, arms, and shoulders. Blackheads are one of the most common skin complaints and almost everyone has them at some point in their lives.

In some cases if a significant amount of blackheads aren’t treated they can become more aggressive and develop into more moderate or severe acne.

What Causes Blackheads?

Blackheads form when a clog or plug develops in the opening of hair follicles in your skin. Each follicle contains one hair and a sebaceous gland that produces oil, called sebum, which helps keep your skin soft. Dead skin cells and oils collect in the opening to the skin follicle, producing a bump called a comedone. If the skin over the bump stays closed, the bump is called a whitehead. When the skin over the bump opens, exposure to the air causes it to look black and a blackhead forms.

Some factors can increase blackheads, including:

  • Your body is producing too much oil.
  • You have a significant build-up of bacteria (propionibacterium acnes) on the skin.
  • Dirt and grime build-up on the skin.
  • Irritation of hair follicles when dead skins cells don’t shed on a regular basis.
  • Hormonal changes that cause an increase in oil production.

Removing Blackheads

There are lifestyle choices you can make to reduce blackheads such as maintaining a healthy diet and eating foods that are rich in anti-oxidants (berries are great). 

There are also a number of in-clinic treatments that can help to remove and prevent blackheads. A personalised treatment plan may include:

Cosmeceutical Products:

Advanced skincare products that contain active ingredients help to correct skin imperfections, providing a deep clean on a daily basis to reduce build up on the skin and increase cell turnover. Products that control oil production and bacteria help to maintain healthy skin.

Find out more about our Blackhead treatments by booking a complimentary consultation with one of skin experienced aestheticians here.